India Morning Report: It’s the banks, stupid!

The January series, with three days to go in the New Year, has started optimistically and apparently is in no hurry to trade. however within the two trading sessions including the first 15 minutes of today, Banknifty has already managed to 11600 levels without undue weightage to the losing PSUs. That being the target no one probably wanted to exit the 70% of India’s banking in PSU Banks forever not served by the State Bank of India or the PNB recognised as winners earlier separating them from the sick pack.

But given this start on the Banknifty this time, one would expand the role of the Private Sector banks in this rally to 13500 where one first probably evaluates its value score in terms of future March 2015 earnings

Meantime, Havells and Idea seem to be the scrips to nod to given their position in the trend and coming FY results as December numbers get reported only after two weeks and more hints are sought towards the Fiscal close where India would assess its gap in Economic terms as well, having assumed at the start of April that they would be much closer to a 6% GDP recovery

The infraco trade will like to preempt more hopeful whispers from North and South Block, the fate of the Congress government precariously hanging in balance and the hope outlasting the pushing back of most important decisions and any spending to post elections, a Vote on account coming in February to last the interim period

India certainly batted the 2nd Test well but with rains likely to spoil two more days of that game, its a virtual close to the year on a less than even score having barely eked out  a draw in the first to save face.

Happy-New-Year-2014-HD-Wallpaper

 

The LNG hike in Delhi seems to be a good marketing strategem launch timed to last throughout 2014 and players in IGL , GAIL and Reliance that starts producing under the new price from April 2014 sales. Diesel cos lasted most of yesterday with more than 1-3% gains fo rthe reported news of increasing the gap closing of diesel subsidies at INR 10 per Liter

Food inflation has shifted from Onions to potatoes, but will tick down the overall cPI before the fuel inflation statrts up in Q2 FY15

 

Bank Policy Wednesday: India stands PAT on rates in December

Even as RBI shows concern about the retail inflation, it has probably factored in the welfare sustenance supply chain requirement that has necessitated a higher tick of Food inflation likely to last till 2015. Even though the jump in core inflation to 2.66% has reached worrying levels, the RGR regime has played it on the level, standing by the current Bank rate at 7.75% . As banks have already moved off the higher MSF lending or the last quarter, banks would anyway be unaffected by the lack of change but the markets can seriously take the impending rally’s mechanics from here .

The FOMC reports later in the India day, closer to midnight when they can , we agree, start with an early taper. However, The Fed meeting is likely to also be a sendoff for Ben Bernanke and so any such major policy announcements may be skipped for Janet Yellen to attend to in February, April or even June 2014 and as the Fed has managed so adroitly, the Taper would not mean tightening. Though the Dollar remains weak, the Taper is unlikely to still avoid the Dollar strengthening into a vise like grip on the US own Economy.

On India’s Policy announcement, the 7.5% mark would have been even better but as noticed concerns on Food and Primary inflation are real and may spill over to Core inflation unless kept in check. The RBI Governor notes that Vegetable prices that jumed 99% in the Friday WPI report may fall sharply.

Yesterday’s Review noted, in the overall scenario

In India, the pick-up in real GDP growth in Q2 of 2013-14, albeit modest, was driven largely by robust growth of agricultural activity, supported by an improvement in net exports. However, the weakness in industrial activity persisting into Q3, still lacklustre lead indicators of services and subdued domestic consumption demand suggest continuing headwinds to growth. Tightening government spending in Q4 to meet budget projections will add to these headwinds. In this context, the revival of stalled investment, especially in the projects cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Investment, will be critical.

Banks have garnered $34 Billion from FCNR Deposits and India’s FX reserves have jumped at a $5 Bln every week from $277 Bln odd at the end of November and now at $291 Bln. RBI continues to flag the negative output gap and even a slowdown in Services

Also factored into the December decision is the virtual shutdown in Spending by the Government from January as revenues remain not so robust, which would strain interbank liquidity (LV?CNBC18)

It is good that RBI has returned to not being overtly reactive to the inflationary economy and GDP in March could have a larger chunk of the good news premium Indian data has been lacking since the year began.

India Morning Report: Markets slip as PSU bank investors stay away

Is Inflation the Real Problem?
Is Inflation the Real Problem? (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Active index and Banknifty balancing in a stable India economy above 6% growth involved the usual confidence investing in PSU banks a two thirds of the Banknifty to and or xis, HUL and a select set of defensives , that have disappeared as markets fall thru additional support levels. Apart from the loss to Ashwini Gujrl’s set of picks seen over two – three weeks post ‘shucking’, any other impact on the markets is lacking. One feels the confidence shown in non leveraged High Operating Leverage businesses in small and mid cap sector is also misplaced. Such High Operating Leverage Businesses with more than even 75% Op Margin in cases have time and again shown that less than 1 in 20 such businesses , even with deep pockets like Jyothi Labs, convert into a brand and a business like Bharti.

Bharti and ITC lead markets back and Lupin has a lot of strength left in it. Expectation have come back to a 360 Cipla to kick off the game for this rally segment and ICICI Bank and Axis are also losing ground from a probable low yesterday as the Banknifty sinks into 11,500 levels. However, the end (of the shorts) is nigh. This observed bear extension on Thursday is a direct concomitant of a stable PCR near 1 levels leaving writers hungry for more and writing calls is always easier than underwriting puts at new market levels

Tulsian’s faith in the ‘shadow stockings’ ahead of Christmas is also back, but we don’t think  UB Ltd will be compensated fr not rushing returns in the merger and bankruptcy melees of the crisis Olympics. However, it would be  good idea to sink into HDFC and Siemens.

Also Barclays Capital, as we have been following got in  5 out of 7 the same selection of 2014 picks. We already made it clear Tata Motors is a big sell on 2014, probably bigger than the Jindal Steel breakdown which will stop out of the ‘bear cartel’ push at 225 levels The Energy trade should be pushed but the Fisc is already distressing and the release of Fert subsidies at INR 50 Bln  was already a razor edge detail for the Corps watching India’s clawback on global fortunes. Assuming NTPC would not be ready to immediately step up on reform gear and leverage growing efficiency, we would disagree with buys on NTPC.  GMR is back in the big bids and the big bullish candle moving GMR, RelInfra and IDFC together with JP Associates should land on the next bevy of drones.(any independent rally segment up or down can be ascribed to a virtual set of drones picking the right calls). Bank of America, the other who nailed the Economy without attention to thoughts of a wavering Rupee (more than required) will also be worth tallying scores in 2014

The 15% Food inflation and the 12% contraction in Consumer Durables (read our earlier monthly commentary on PMI/Inflation) put paid to any thoughts of a recovery improving despite news of a Q3 debacle already factored/expected for October 2013 and probably till December 2013 s this includes our festival time data. November Auto sales disappointed for all though retail inflation has been strong (good demand indicator) in Consumer durables items on existing stocks as production has been subdued for more than 6 months now

Again, despite the policy tightening, banks are unlikely to need rate hikes as they have weaned off MSF rates. Also retail inflation will continue fueled by higher Food inflation , in double digits due to supply and other economic concerns for small and rural businesses. onion rices have corrected sharply in the meantime and Food inflation data for the month was likely overstating facts, returning to lower double digit levels in the remaining 5 months of the Fiscal.

Oh yeah, we may have forgotten, in the search for Economic employment, the Global recovery of 2014, is not happening except in US Equities as Europe proves its a dead continent and a usurius currency. China thus also fails despite a better share of its own currency in exports again and that leaves US and India and the ROW without business ends to close deals beyond a hygienic rise in Trade led growth. US is also stuck at 3% levels despite the mentored lower trajectory for Currency and rates which a good motivator but the currency is unlikely to be allowed to get eweaker at least from the current Dollar Index levels, probably never below 78 in all of 2014 even as Oil imports stop for the Superpower of the 20th century. And that, is despite the taper.

Bank Policy Tuesday: RBI Governor completes policy action

inflation
inflation (Photo credit: SalFalko)

With the forced liquidity constraints as the currency devolved on the nation in June ( after May 21 announcement) RBI was stuck in the middle of a rate cut leg of its policy to encourage growth. Already hampered by banks using Central Bank liquidity to the extent of INR 2 Tln instead of market, the Central bank’s rate hike onsequently in September even as the MSF hikes were redacted and brought back to the normal line may finally break the back of the markets on the verge of a bullish move from 6200.

The only inflation out of control however is the Food inflation which may not respond to any rate hikes and this rate hike may just be a mechanistic response continuing since Duvvoori Rao demitted office to stabilise the higher rate environment, in which case India may old these levels for a good six months, and in developed markets this new intermediate leg could have lasted years, till the rate cuts can begin again.

Meanwhile consumer staples will continue to see large double digit price increases to correct 2-3 years of suppressed marketing budgets and pricin pressures unrequited to keep basic sales growth alive in consumer markets

The announced policy steps however will increase bank rates and as retail lending has reounded such increases are largely going to be absorbed by consumers and however will have had debatable impacts on fueling furthr inflation now controlled by bank rates. NBFC business is already looking better in consumer durables with a clampdown on 0 interest loans and while that may not segment the market in favor of first time durable buyers that have been an absent quantity fooling marketers and policymakers, it will continue to better control the negative output gap with more advantages for NBFC lending even for banks that have already relied a fair portion of their portfolio on the sector at the expense of obviating the real winning consumer sectors or industry sectors winning n the changed scenario

RBI hiked rates 25 bp and MSF channel has returned to 100 bp over the repo rate clearing the path for a return to the Repo rate as the Bank rate.. WPI forecast has been banded to the central bank’s comfort zone as 6-7%. GDP growth is updatd to 5% for FY 2014

The banks lead the Nifty comeback post policy action as they assume the deed is done and currency will consolidate around 61-62 levels before going back to the trade deficit control led highs nearer 60-61 levels The sponsored rally ost policy is however blushingly even across non actors and non performers in the banks bunched with YES Bank, ICICI Bank and even HDFC Bank and Axis Bank. IDFC has recovered its morning deficit too. BOB is up 15 pointsand BOI is in the positive with Pharma/result candidate DRL also staging a mini rally. The short on LIC Housing ahead of results has also disappeared and tomorrow’s results are likely to see fat positives as sentiment needs a good build up and inflows ontinue to allow market makers to perform as such and the Financials are likely to reward investors who stuck through the unreasonable 2 months pre the last MSF related policy action. Further policy action unless embargoed by inflation is likely to stay with seeing the bank rate climb down from the current MSF 8.75% to the Repo rate of 7.75% ( The Revese Repo is 6.75% where  RBI issues new collateral securities)

 

India Morning Report: Markets negative ahead of expected rate action

Inflation rate world
Inflation rate world (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Most economists and bankers are in consonance  that RGR may well post a higher repo rate number from the Central Bank Quarters today and thus Markets, teetering at 6100 levels since yesterday along with our expected markdowns on currency and bonds coming in play are negative on bank stocks and the market is ready for a pitch South of the 6100 mark this morning.

 

More than $4 Bln or INR 250 Bln have entered the markets from Foreign accounts in the two months of August and September according to ET Data and October will probably see an even higher number having come in as ETF inflows were exceptionally strong.

 

WE on the other hand still do not find such a motivation in the current inflation data except for the small spat on Onions. If the new Guv of course thinks he cn meaningfully control food inflation as India enters a critical period of recovery , it might well be, but it is unlikely to make a strong case as there are other reasons in the Supply chain and the continuing need to support farmers for food inflation to wave through food, veggies, milk & animal products

 

We also think Dabur results ae a good portender with Consumer Staples being an important watch category and if RBI policy is favorable the markets must rise with ITC results being seen in that light as well. The exceptional 10% postive reaction to Maruti’s results are of course just a sign for quick profittaking int hat scrip as trades eluded the banks in the cliffhanger again

 

Glenmark Pharma reports on Thursday with DRL and Torrent and Sanofi report tomorrow, so the Export earnings fiesta is well and truly alive exp on Glenmark. The Master investor’s Jai Corp reorts today

 

A couple of NBFCs do report today incl Chola and JM Fin (Vikram Pandit) but the market interest is ripe for pickings in the Power NBFCs as again shorts try to climb the wrong tree with REC already trading at 180 levels, REC, PFC and even PTC might react better post policy. IDFC reports on Thursday with Magma and Muthoot. Also, REligare and the PSU troupe with Union Bank and BOB joining BOB report Thursday. LIC Housing reports tomorrow. Each of these will see more than scrip specific impact

 

DLF, Bharti and bank hopeful Edelweiss also report tomorrow and will be key

 

 

 

 

 

India Morning Report : Rally snarled by a lack of fundamental strength (seen earlier)

English: World GDP growth rate and GDP growth ...
English: World GDP growth rate and GDP growth rate of total OECD countries. Data source: World Bank Group and OECD. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Though the Indian growth rate will be beyond the reach of most emerging markets and outside the projected future rates for any OECD countries, the growth in GDP below 5% and the return of food inflation is scotching confidence in the markets as it waits on edge for  the Tapering news to go by and Emerging flows to return allocations to India.

Unfortunately today’s report come after closing of day’s markets, a day when the Rupee also snaked down unnecessarily biting its nails on the supply bottleneck hit food inflation which will also probably become the legacy of the Food Security Bill later. The stakes – to get India’s growth rates back to 7.5% and keep inflation in check. With core inflation below 2% the onion inflation index cannot be allowed to influence further investments in India

Our note however can still remind investors that not just Consumer Durables but the consumer staples sector, offers a unique opportunity in India among the listed scrips and current 30X multiples in the sector may be no sign of investor saturation as bellwethers like ITC and Bharti are rare publicly listed behemoths in the sector which have also successfully avoided the defensive tags unlike the Pharms biggie Cipla where investors move after things come full cycle at Ranbaxy and European CPG pioneer HUL, now an old story for India Inc. Others in the sector are either privately owned or multinationals and pricing power remains in this sector, with its packaging strategies and working capital cycle flexibility in brand selling working them the advantage required to absorb supply chain inflation and raise prices at the right time.

The other story of the morning was the inelastic August Demand for Full fare airlines as the price increases amounting to more than 60% on the Delhi Bombay sector even in he best fare book-ahead rate plans could not stop passenger traffic from returning to a positive 3.3% growth in August. Such ricing power is important in this market where Oil is a major component of the import bill.

As usual it may als be prudent to realise also that India of tomorrow is unlikely to return to the same power ahead growth strategies that worked from 2001-2007 , the meat of the post reform era growth and that the required infra and other capx growth has to wait for the May 2014 elections to complete and that will not stop inflows to India, making the brakes in the market to 5800 a mere hiccup as long as the Taper is an expected number and flows return to Indian sovereign debt as it attempts to brake the shackles keeping it from the Global Bond index  and to Indian equities on reallocation

 

India Morning Report: Markets steady, India facing uphill task

Bajaj
Bajaj (Photo credit: Chandra Marsono)

 

The Indices opened barely in the red after a dull week of Economic data . Trade deficit reported under a $10 Bln for June as Gold imports were blocked out but Inflation on CPI climbed back to 10% in a precursor to fuel inflation expected now to climb back from a barely settled in period of less than 6 months as the drop in Oil is destroyed by the 12% depreciation in the currency. The depleted Forex reserves are already a qustion for the Rupee and the negative IIP for the month is unfortunately unlikely to give confidence in the comeback. Consumption being defeated, one is not sure of the reasons for continuing retail inflation with foo inflation at 12% leading the charge currently.

 

IIP showed a more than 10% contraction in durables Production index and negative growth year/year for non durables as well. WPI for June has also come in below 5% again And while monetary policy will be challenged by the prospects of inflation and depreciation , consumption is actually flling making infation an easy target to even prospects of deflation in terms of sentiment continuing negative in the economy. Investment is yet to come back to the Economy has become a challeneg desite a Forward FDI policy esp for Defence and Telecom on the cards.

 

Auto Sales are down almost 10% on year at 139000 cars and 55 lower for two whelers and though markets continue to treat Bajaj and Hero equally one can see performance for Hero worsening in the war with erstwhile partner Honda in the market and Bajaj has maintained euanimity in shares and market segments nonetheless.

 

Unfortunately apart from the results of this quarter one also does not see further uptick in Exports immediately. Banks despite the low 13.7% growth in Credit for the month of May/June remain fairly healthy in the selected layer as we have pointed out here and Bank  Nifty remains a great pick at 11600 levels markets keeping value priced in line with the economic sentiment

 

Last week, the India Morning Report could not be posted and the same may not be available from Tuesday or Wednesday till the end of the market week on Friday when the trade data and CPI was posted. For JP Morgan and Wells Fargo results refer to advantages.us. Indian Banks report this week and we will be covering Indusind’s results of last week later with YES Bank performance

 

 

 

India Morning Report: A new bank, not Citi, 8 not 4 and numerous other slips to the mile..

Vikram Pandit’s new efforts in India with Kampani’s JM Financial may get JM a 10% bump in stock quotes but it is unlikely that his 50% buy of the subsidiary and 490 million warrants worth 3% of the listed company with Hari Aiyar and wife in the new bank application at this stage will build on anything like branch infrastructure in at least the next decade, so watch out for questions on the application being followed closely in the media?

Otherwise of course the Chinese continue to prefer the number of wealth ‘8’ in their phones and registration plates for the cars that are sold and you should avoid gifting them anything with the number ‘4’ thats sound like the word for ‘death’ and Morgan Stanley leads the list of suitors looking for a bear to hold as Indian markets sit pretty on last year’s prudent calculations still not outrunning the underperformance in sensex companies in the quarter gone by. Markets are headed to all time highs probably but the next target is 6350, steady as she goes..

A wonderful FNO pick on Tata motors reversed my earlier opinion of the TV18 guest who chose Tata motors again but as stock vols (option vol in current month series) closed above 40 the bid to range the 280-310 stock trade with a bought put at 305 on a strike of 290 as recommended should gladden many a margin accounts. The strategy is brilliant only if when it opened this Friday, the bids in the normally not so liquid stock family  would not have quoted the ratio spread at a profit. Buy three puts at 290 at today’s open and sell four 280 puts in a minor tweak to the strategy played on the network but you could leave it a t 1:2 as well

Do write to us above and link in with your blog / facebook page in the comments. 2013’s dull exports and consumption story for India in the meantime cannot stop cosmopolitan urban India from turning Jiading(F1 track) and Pudong (Shanghai) and Lavie and “Caprese” luxury bags with Gucci stores springing up here now much after China’s $15 b market accepted them despite our protestations to the contrary .If not the Chinese predilection for lucky numbers, one could still catch a fancy to under-reporting ages , the ilk spied upon by Jug Suraiya on Page 3 in his TOI op-ed of today

ITC results should be eagerly anticipated and with infracos back in demand together ITC and IDFC will garner a lot of new outstanding demand volumes ( open interest) esp as JP Associates has completed a first rush yesterday to 80 on the futures. Sun TV is much better than Satyam though but both are equally risky on corporate fundamentals after the corporate governance in churn in either of the scrips. Sales of $1.6B at ITC in the quarter reflect the last of the big consumer companies making a sustained comeback after the jump in Q3. Europe based consumer goods giants including Nestle, Diageo and Unilever have already been singled out for investor attention in growth deficit hungry Europe for their stronger Asia businesses (ref FT.com, subscription required)

The New Drug policy is out though impacting margins at Pharma MNCs and Cipla & Lupin will also trend down on the repricing of margins across the board.

The main topic on this busy day could still have been the new RBI trend policy established by the WPI falling below 5% and the CPI having come in earlier. Though loath to check the sub indices this morning i see a Core inflation at 2.77% near all time lows and I do not believe we have seen the last of food inflation though April did not get to be a major run on the home makers’ wallets.

10 Y yields on the new bond have already responded vertically to near the 7.25% mark and thus RBI will take the whole term down immediately in the next three-four months before growth actually responds, likely leaving the rates below 7% forcing banks down on deposits despite the flagging demand and without more than a signalling cut in CRR. The news of more cuts was however the most important one behind Thursday’s heart of a rally.

 

Bank Policy Tuesday: DMK steals policy limelight, Rate cut hopes of India Inc

Though we did not suspect the political mulligatawny soup that will lead to a face off in the Parliament on the Lankan Tamils issue and should in fact be used by Indian polity to align to US on this issue and come down on belligerent China friendly Lanka, the very least done today in the political arena with the Nifty barely holding 5750 and yields hardening closer to 8%  has been the virtual throwing away of the monetarists wheel in what can be educative to all large economies hoping for moneteraistic target based Economics to bring home the citizens out of the global crisis of growth overtaken by stagflation.

RBI allowed another 25 bp cut in Repo rates to 7.5% and though it seems pat following fixed yields early 2013 move below 8%, it removes any further room for easing for the Central Bank. Cheap RBI lending thru the LAF should have already impacted yields to move down as inflation remained in control. LAF rates are now 6.5%. RBI has also posited the MSF as bank rate at the upper end of the channel in the mid term review. India’s GDP growth was the lowest in the last 15 quarters at 4.5% in Q3 of FY13

The Governor meets the press at 2:30 pm.

SEMI Breakfast - Fixed Income/Credit Analysis
SEMI Breakfast – Fixed Income/Credit Analysis (Photo credit: ceonyc)

Rate Cut Economics

The bank rate cut to 7.75% was already an avoidance response to the  Type II error of over tightening the monetary turf by the RBI which is already conducting large OMOs to provide continuing liquidity. The last one was just this week , the 3 day repo accounting for INR 1350 bln. In real terms rates have only risen after the last rate cut announcement in Indian Fixed Income markets despite the appreciation in the Rupee and counting today’s rate cut of 25 bps thats 50 bp of rate cuts shouted out by India bears waiting for the debt trap that India Inc could never be. Indian credit stock instead still remains the lowest in Developing and Advanced Economies globally at 75% of GDP ( both data points in this argument have come from this week’s RBI data releases)r

The Challenge ahead

Despite the 30% growth in NBFC credit this January (based on RBI data released for segmental review of bank credit) credit growth will likely challeng e the 16% non food credit target. In market terms(equities) , though 5750 levels are holding on the Nifty, expectations have definitely been turned down three notches after the violent 100 point mid day reaction and as profit growth eludes and food inflation rules the rest of 2013, real income growth may finally turn out to be a mirage and bring down curtains on future consumption growth for the nation as it dives into political uncertainty. RBI rate cuts could have been avoided to keep the market discipline better in later months when the fixed income markets would have been in situ better able to target a downward slide in yields and keep ahead with higher growth enumeration as non food inflation instead of staying low now tries to bite back with global demand improved by China’s lot However all that still means India grows by 5% in FY13. The lower data of worse cases for FY 14 enumerated above are still low probability events and can be easily avoided though these downside risks should also blanket any other global downside risks.

Foreign investment flows

India remains a global island of relative comfort for investors engendering continuing foreign investor interests that should as posited turn positive as the global downside risks emerge stronger esp for Europe and competitors like Korea and Singapore (affected by the China story) get bit while others like Thailand may still not provide the required depth to global investors. BRICs and N11 stories have at one time or other shown how executive decision can help them pull past the Indian jugger naut and India needs to be better positioned to respond in global markets thru joint policy and private sector action.

 

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