India Bank Earnings: A 20% rise in revenues for ICICI Bank, Asset quality upside not enough (Q2: FY2014)

English: Mukesh Ambani's house "Antilia&q...
English: Mukesh Ambani’s house “Antilia” in Mumbai. Deutsch: Antilia – das Haus des indischen Milliardärs Mukesh Ambani in Mumbai, Indien (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

ICICI Bank which has continued on a lower margin growth in retail to gain just 20% topline growth will still be growing at more than 20% a year. Net Profits also grew to scale as Domestic NIMs were a tremendous 3.65% and the International Book started growing again. India’s largest Private Bank in true banking paradigms neither government owned nor still counting down to respectable CASA despite having started as a division of a Project Finance Firm, it has beaten competition from HDFC Bank in many categories except in true reach and has a real corporate book and fails in comparison with HDFC Bank’s large retail share. It’s book is predominantly mortgages in retail and its lending practices imply a bigger concern on asset quality n that portfolio as well.

Investments are more than a quarter of the Gross Interest earned after the likely HTM transfers and booked losses and  with International ‘cash’ also being put to use. Fee Income was up 20% sequentially to INR 24 Bln and 15% up on half year over FY13 as the bank seemingly wins the war for customer yield while rearing up growth, a quick way to kill criticism of its retail lending practices that will sooner than later rear up but without a margin squeeze , does not get into ‘crisis mode’ again

Net was iNR 23.5 Bln and retail credit grew at 22% with the Corporate Book also growing at above 15%. September Banks’ non food credit has grown to 18% above the 13% rate most of FY13 and will this be a good momentum for the Bank’s continuing growth. ICICI’s under 20k ATMs (19500) are same as HDFC Bank and in almost unreachable urban areas across the spectrum of SEC income classes and provides a substantial part of its retail lending book in unsecured loans , a practice missing in private Sector Indian banks. Organic portfolio grew at 27% but the need to purchase retail portfolios is only going to grow. The bank will also need to scale up outside townships as one of the two active private sector players needed to contibute to rural reach as India battles a large more than 50% nbanked population and a changing welfare regime

It suffers from a just short of INR 100 Bln in restructured assets (including current disclosed pipeline ) by FY15 and will be a significant 3-4% of the Advances and will mostly be seen as heading to NPA than to normal assets after the two years except for one or two cases that will go back after the currency stabilises, the business model still safe

The ratio of Gross NPAs though down is another mind furrowing and disturbing biggie at over 3% and NPAs wmore than twice of rival HDFC Bank ut comfortably under 1%.  The banks’ leading growth as a multiple of GDP and thus growing at more than 15%, ICICI Bank’s  Loan growth will remain close to 20% for the growth cycle as Taper is postponed and India tries to regain a better growth clip

Lifestyle Champ ITC , here or there?

ITC improved EBITDA margins to 40% in the meantime on price realisations in Tobacco even as profits from Hotels halved and FMCG returned to successive second quarter of losses ( of INR 120 mln). Net Sales were INR 77 Bln , 33 Bln from cigarettes and INR 26 Bln from consumer staples

RIL loses buyback steam

What will also reach India Morning repots next week though just a quick plug here is that Mukesh Ambani’s firms have decided to extinguish existing Treasury stock of almost INR 500 Bln and will be discontinuing buybacks

India Earnings Season: Bank Results scared by the Rate/fx tuple (HDFC Bank Q1 FY 2014)

HDFC Bank 

HDFC Bank seems to have flashed a pretty good 26% NII on the wires for INR 44.4 Bln from loan spreads that remained a natty 4.6% in the quarter. The Loan book and Deposits have grown over and under 20% respectively to a book of INR 3 Tln each. The NII seems to be up 3% from the linked quarter in March. the bank’s NIM reporting was bumed up by new rules for apportioning of usual expenses employee pension liabilities and some commissions. Last quarter’s Fee income at iNR 1 Bln is likely static as profits came in at INR18.4 Bln adding to INR 18.8 Bln in April

The markets however do not seem to be rejoicing as the insurance FDI question is moot for the player with Standard Life and IPO plans both not firm for the bank. Yet, the markets continued sppoked by banks fixed income portfolios letting blood at the 100 bp move in yields from the 1 yr forward to 10 yr and at least at 8% + and rate cuts batted out of sight even before the FX scare by the Central Bank rushing into four such 25 bp cuts factored in barely 5 meets since March 2013

Recast loans are almost non extent as in Q1’s figure of INR 3 Bln and Non performing loans are as low as 0.3% of the book at less than INR  Bln from the wires


YES Bank on the wire?

YES Bank reports next week on Wednesday  and has been singled out for this rate move’s aftershock while

Indusind, when is it a good enough scale as competitor

Indusind reported a huge 50% jump in Net Interest Income at first glance from its new off take in retail lending finally trickling in . NII hit INR 6.80 Bln for the upstart and operating expenses moved up 5% over March at INR 5.08 Bln. Fee and Other Income was up 30% or nearly INR 1 Bln at INR 4.71Bln , Income before Tax rising 45% to INR 5 Bln over last year. Indusind has also brought down net NPAs to 0.2% and the gross NPAs at 1% of its rapidly growing INR 500 Bln book itself up 60% i the last 5 quarters. The ROA of the bank at 1.83% will be counted a s low for its still rudimentary book Bank reported NIMs of 3.72% on its retail book

Bank Results Season: Earnings Surprise(India Earnings): LIC Housing Finance (Q2 2013) Grows Loan Book To INR 690b

Though RBI ‘s new norms for banks may not be par for the course for the LIC subsidiary, it is growing strongly in loan assets after having controlled its growth of Developer portfolio shares on RBI insistence. NIMs fell to a low 2.1% but the ‘bank’ remains one of our top picks in the sector at its current prices

It had a minimal share of retail exposures in its retail growth and after the current rationalisation, it will go back to getting  to the richer Developer portfolios as it boosts its Net interest income to INR 3.54B and is likely to post INR 16.54 B for the full year

Provisioning has dropped 5 out of 6 to just under INR 7 B keeping profits high at INR 2.47 B Business Standard reports its best growth of 36% in the loan portfolio came in June / September 2010 hence it has been falling.

As we mentioned it tried to balance its portfolio from 50% developer to more retail with RBI egging it on.

This quarter the Loan portfolio is a sizable INR 690 B at 21% yoy growth and may easily reach INR 1 Trillion by Q1 2015 esp as it may be able to absorb more crorporate exposure ( Developers) Loan growth of above 20% at this size of assset portfolio underlines the growing capabilities of this

This is the third copy of the posterous blog i am posting as the now twitter company seems to have lost some of its softare contstructs losing my drafts and published documents ever so often


Bank Results Season: India Earning Surprise:(Flash) Yes Bank Grows Lending Income By 37%

Yes Bank grew NII by 37% over last year in the latest quarter, a high number eve for smaller nimble banks as BoB reported struggling with 3.23% NIMs in the same quarter. With frequent Tier I and Tier II QIPs, the Bank’s Capital has hit 17.5% and Tier I Capital is also high enough to load even higher growth digits as Gross and Net NPAs fall off from already minscule levesl to 0.24% and 0.06% Net Profit is INR 3.06 B the jump of 30% over year also translating into healthy linked/sequential growth

Of course with banks like ING Vysya almost degrowing the Loan assets , static at around INR 300 B and PSE Banks growing NPAs to significant 1% levels at the best of breed banks, the room at the top is definitely available for anothe top notch bank from the 2000-04 ‘era’ to make an impact when new banks with existing lending books and rural branches join the club in a few months

UCO Bank may have disappointed but PSE banks have shown that the markets do not expect more than 20% Sales growth tat best of breed banks and a growth in the range of 40% matched by growing Other income does hand the challenge to established lackeys at Kotak or the survivors at PNB at the bigger accounts as MNC banks also struggle with financing the Global Indian Corporation and India’s trade grows to 3 times the current levels in the coming decade.

BTW, apart from auctions for ECB lenders to quotas for buying bonds in FII acocunts which grew the possibility to OINR 250 B RBI also lent INR 77000 Crores or INR 770 B in today’s one/ten year auction

NPAs from the Deccan Chronicle account may be t o the tune of another INR 1 B at the bank but are unlikely to pressure the balance sheet.


So, why don’t you think Dynamic provisioning norms will hurt banks?




It is just a proposal at this juncture but we would be pushing as many good bankers for the provisions on standard assets to be adopted so the NPAs can be taken out of this subset of provisions and expensed off at least. As of now the proposal is still raw in its details requiring banks to keep additionl provisions including for foreign branches which are still leveraged on structured plays for each loan\


Current proposals start off with introducing provisioning on restructured loans specifying that such restructurings should have more skin from the promoters, lessening pressure on banks from the bankrupt promoters and adding a possibility of debt recovery before preference share conversion is forced and then giving it to years before adding specific provisions to that. This is overall a discipline that may be disavoed only by a fe Public sector banks depending on their portfolios





Bank Results season: What’s so great about HDFC Bank(Q3 2012)?

Headline results at Gross NPAs up to INR 22.02 bln from below 20 bln last quarter and a NIM of 4.1% with Gross NPAs down to 1.03% vs 1.11%

December 2011 gross income topline has come to INR 86.22 bln or 7.5% up on quarter. September 2011 had grown income to $1.6 bln by Indian GAAP or nearly INR 79.5 bln up 37% from September 2010 despite the bad credit conditions that actually meant INR 30 bln in NII and INR 12 bln in Other income ( Fee  and non interest income) at 4.1%.

October saw a marginal pullback in credit figures as well NII growth should be closer to 20% as the bank has grown assets in the new quarter and NIM is good at 4.1% As I expected, Cost income ratio has come down from 48.7% with Loan income at two thirds, of the total topline, branch costs should be controlled to lower 40% levels

Net interest income at INR 31.16 bln and Other income at INR 14.20 bln are also thus higher on September but NII has a yoy growth of 12% down from 16% in September  YOY growth in total income (Indian GAAP) and profits is nearly 35%

Net Profits increased to INR 14.29 bln up 19% on quarter reflecting the seasonal growth in October, year on year growth close to 40% while growing Provision Coverage Ratio to 80% against the required 56% improving Cost Income to 46.7% despite 420 new branches from last year December and 340 were new cities in the bank’s distribution network. ATMs grew from 5000 to 7110.

Deposit growth of 21% on the year despite a CASA of 47.7% and interest rates having plateaued at a peak of around 9.5% and 11% (less than 1 year lending) CASA deposits are now INR 700 bln maintaining the Sept 30 figure of INR 690 bln. Tier I ratio is 11.2% before 3Q profits CASA and other deposits had grown 6.5% and 13% from the June quarter and have not gone down since

Provisions are lower by 50% at INR 3.29 bln Retail is 51% of the book and wholesale 49% with retail loans having grown in the latest quarter at 29% yoy against 15% in wholesale as the bank shuts down ipon its short and medium term lending to reduce risk

The Air india Debt restructuring package – FAIL

English: The Local Head Office of State Bank o...
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The Airline’s debt restructuring package of $ 4.4 bln rides on a INR 74.08 bln preference share issue that will require additional provision under the original RBI dispensation itself. thuis the package is back on the drawing board with SBI Caps the advisor, having earlier announced as being accepted/proposed by the lender(s)

The Investment banker’s proposal required new provisions of INR 96.18 bln for the INR 224.5 bln debt to be restructured and an additional INR 221 bln guaranteed by the government. It also requires conversion of the existing overdrafts to longer term loans of INR 112 bln leaving INR36.5 as Cash credit used ( and not new avl limits)

NBFC lending steams Economy, RBI gets tough

Even as banks have been looking for increasing theiur exposure to unsecured loans, the Auto loans sector and even loans to businesses in real estate sector have grown healthily in 2011 on the back of NBFCs alone. CV financing by Shriram Auto and commercial Finance by L&T Finance alongwith players like Mahindra Financial for in house auto loans have been growing through 2011 even as price hikes creep up on buyers.

In the mean time, the success of Discounts and promotions has encouraged vehicle manufacturers ( see December Auto Sales report) to continue suhc offers till February 2012

While Auto loans may well reach rates of 12-13% to the consumer or flat rates of nearly 10% per month,

Image by jferzoco via Flickr

interest rates are unlikely to come down for the NBFC lenders even when the central bank does cut interest rates for the banks. Also, most NBFC lenders survive on a higher margin as a higher tolerance is inbuilt into their models for repayment schedules of borrowers unlike bank finance. However as of now, RBI applies the same three month norms to recognise NPAs for these players and this might skew their loan book performanc eint he coming one or two quarters, in some cases leading to increasing borrowing costs from banks too.

While NBFC lending has crossed 2.0 Tln in the current credit reporting to RBI, making it 5% of credit assets the same has been pulled up by the Central Bank esp targeting those rejected by the Central Bank from taking public deposits into the ND-NBFCs or Non Deposit taking NBFCs.

RBI is mulling a limit ont he anmount of bank funding available to these NBFCs the MFIs are separately classified, as are Infra Financing Companies. MFIs have recently been allowed to access ECBs internationally to compensate for the dqueeze on lending practices and regulation of margin and amount of loans they can make in their captive rural/urban areas MFIs can be registered as a Society or Trust or with the RBI as NBFC-MFI

Bank results Season: An excess provision for a working weekend SBI Q1 2012

Investors are fickle. After a $5 mln PAT performance to welcome the new Chairman Pratip Chaudhuri,

Please visit and nod to the author..

SBI has actually grown to $395 mln quarter on quarter in Net Profits. Consolidated Net profits have even grown to more than $625 mln but the earnings report was pushed to the weekend and most reports and Friday trading did not seem to be expecting this much profit, concentrating on the year on year fall from INR 33 bln to INR25 bln this year this quarter. The 46% drop in focus is a misnomer as Pension Liabilities and Loan Loss provisions policy has already been updated in Q4 2011 and with INR7.5 bln in provisions just for pension liabilities to continue till December 2011, the rest is easily expressed by the Loan Loss provisions SBI never made in the earlier years before the accepting of the modified RBI policy in Q4

Of note however is the increase in bad loans, Gross NPAs rising to 3.52% for the bank a full point ahead of ICICI Bank which is also 33% in Assets with SBI holding a book of INR 7.9 tln in advances, a GROWTH OF INR 1.6 TLN or 70% of ICICI Bank’s Advances. A Bloomberg (Bloom’bg) list puts the public sector behemoth at #69 in the World’s biggest lenders and probably in the Top 10 in Corporate Loans gone bad. Since Calendar 2010 SBI has stepped up its rates 11 times, using its NIM cushion to proportionately reward short term deposits in retail and catch up with Money market yields. Industry wide 45 day deposits are 33% lower yielding at near 4% while the MSR in the inter bank market has moved to 9.25%

Industry expected banks to put up more fee income on the table to catch up with revenue losses but SBI stuck to the tried and tested with a 35% jump in revenues to INR390 bln Net Income for the Quarter nearly $10 bln for a single quarter from INR 300 bln in the year ago quarter. Toplines at most banks dropped or grew modestly. RBI has agreed publicly also that the high interest rate scenario engenders a disproportionately higher risk of bad loans but the interest rate hikes have moe to come as commodities have not settled down yet to being down the inflation to a stable rate

Despite the low Tier I core Capital at 7.6%, the bank has not been able to set up a proposal to encourage the GOI to invest upto its mandated 55% in a rights issue or the bank.. Meanwhile the bank is raising International Capital. SBI’s NIM shot up to 3.89% in Domestic Advances and 3.62% overall from a 3.33% Domestic and 3.16% overall in the preceding March quarter ( almost 106 bps above ICICI Bank) Interest Income on Advances in fact grew 36% but investors are likely to be slow to heed the same on Monday as markets continue their xit spiral, Portfolio investment exiting the country as opportunities run out in the widely acknowledged fairly priced/overvalued market in Asia The growth in Advances was a health 18.73% just above the Industry growth rate of 18% while the PLR increases of 185 bps year on year made up for the extraordinary rise. However QOQ incrreases interest Income also up 12% with Advances growing from March by 2.x% NII is up more than 20% sequentially

Staff xpenses remain the most part of Operating expense increases as a Wage revision is charged continually. The counter cyclical provisions esp for contingencies ( black swan events) are another Rs 550 crores or INR 5.5 bln. Advances to Large Corporates stand at INR 1.15 tln for the bank and the Retail book is INR 1.65 tln SME, Agri and International Advances are a Trillion each too. The Banks NII is up to INR 97 bln or $2,5 bln up from INR 81 bln in the March quarter nearly 25% QoQ from $2 bln

Icici Bank, Festival of South Asia, Toronto
Image by Ian Muttoo via Flickr

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