India Morning Report: Markets start the day at all-time highs from 6400

Though, it could have been better for the fundamentals, markets have not caught up to earnings increases over the last decade and will probably keep the gains in this weeks rally as the Rupee finally responds to buying and moves back to 61 levels without showing signs of tiring. As it moves further along to the top of its range to the 60 mark, consolidating yesterdays gains over another week, the currency does have a limited headroom as the Dollar Index is trading below 80.

Banknifty and IDFC are keeping their gains and moving north even as the indices savor a moment at the top and a lot of the individual stock memes switch , with Energy and Pharma both offering unique ignored opportunities that may well be taken up, without ruling out the better consumer scrips consolidating to new price levels or for ICICI Bank and HDFC Bank ( including a final decision on its cross holding by HDFC , still pending for renewal of its Foreing investor limit)

In Consumer we continue to back Bharti , ITC and Bajaj Auto. Yes Bank seems to be popping the champagne again, while the real estate pack will lead the way back for a quicker correction if interest in the sector runs up a bigger tab

ITC may again start up from 320 levels , if you are a trader and need to offload the stock currently. Bharti seems to have a new partner in sight for its retail JV( which I will tell you later why is not the ideal reason for backing the stock, like its financial foray earlier) but there are more fundamental reasons for owning the stock

Exiting DRL is a good idea at these levels

A lot of cash stocks have steam trading much below their lifetime highs despite good fundamentals like GAIL while the PCR is also a bland less than 0.9 with PUt OI still being extinguished , probably a precursor to Puts being written as confidence in new levels increases in the Indian markets , as they lead a global equity rally with the Dow a little behind as it is already at record highs. Markets have a long week ahead next week before 6400 Put writing becomes economic and the markets rewrite 2014 forecasts.

India Morning Report: And it is clear thru to 6250 from here?

Most short strangle/ straddles would be in profit to have exited and is you have been a bit late you should close out here because the markets are going to have a position either way, mostly likely trying to forget the break between 6100 and 6250 as markets have been given the mandate to a new bull run, which might well start around 6250 again. For a change both networks are carrying investor conferences, apparently not the same but more importantly, the post budget rush to 6100 (more like 6150 ) came yesterday and was backed by real flows, the current levels thus likely to have fully bought in leaving a new index level before the argument over the direction for India starts, global equities being decided on the up.

The bet o f going short on the S&P500 is not necessarily linked to the single up move in Emerging markets and while the longs in Emerging markets continue, the shorts on the S&P will either become OTM hedges or extinguished as US markets also resume an uptrend

An INR 12.7 Tln expenditure budget is fair enough but the optimism allowed to him on tax revenues from a recovering India economy is likely to have brokerages just the right busy for traders and speculators to remain ahead on the risk trades  before being called out by their analysts. For example, yesterdays dissection of each such number as a “little too optimistic” finally seems to have gone unheard as it should in a believable bull segment. However, despite our India story being better than China, a sscal e of 10X will likely apply in comparing flows to the two markets alone and India will be able to win that argument for $10 Bln every quarter.

ITC, Bharti are not overvalued in the Consumer space. We cannnot see value in the HUL trade whose markets have matured in India. Other consumption stories never scaled anyway and that therefore is the limitation of investing in Indias FMCG story except the ‘other’ 2010 winners as titan and ttk remain down and the domino’s pizza is no longer the story as expected after the DD ride, showing up the absence of a secular market and pizza hut coming back out in investments despite the Dominos’ 65% share (Jubilant Foods)

Bajaj Auto may not have substantial price cuts that have  shown on the radar for Hero after the budget giveaway

There seem to be big earnings leftovers with DLF and ABB following on , ETNow catching them for a change, but one understands that CNBC mode better, having ignored these latecomers and even penalised them. Its definitely my strategy with such presenters. DLF has a 60% higher sales revenues , with or without their main contribution this quarter from the sale of Aman Resorts as costs remain high for the real estate company

IDFC, YES, PNB and ICICI correct after yesterday’s rush for buying the select list while shorts on Kotak lead the cut in all such Financial stocks. I will look to shorts jumping SBI again, but probably waiting to coalesce th ebull candles into a stronger up force. PNB is coasting at 540 post a week long correction mode after a day’s ibig wins in the post analysis.

LIC Housing is probably as good for the medium term as the Power NBFCs, all the 4-5 stocks at the bottom of their range and Sundaram and the Gold NBFCs unlikely tpo o be competitively buoyant. Axis Bank would support Bank shorts as Kotak and thus Bank remains available as a short hedge too. Cipla and Lupin present a new problem as they continue to activate a bundle of no good stocks they were partnered with in their defensive mode and are not trading bets as they reach the top of their range near 450 and 1200. There is no secular run in metals, none in construction and Tata Steel remains a buy with the auto stocks without Tata Motors or the Unitechs and the HDILs

Modi is looking at some obvious chinks in his own armor as he stands on a half poant English speaking tour, showing up equally worse off in Oratory as Rahul, but looking comfortable with one new round of Desi dose goevrnance for India Inc

From my end, Chidambaram was more than right in showing UPA’s 8.4% and 6.6% 5 year periods ( 4 year periods) against the 6.2% average, but apparently there are not enough Financially literate voters around, despite the preoccupation with growth

 

 

India Morning Report: There is no hope trade in sight

But I’d say keep accumulating as the indices break through a critical 6000 mark. Many blue chips, like in global markets offer extreme value in buys even as the speculative trade fails to take off on a delayed recovery.  Gujarat’s downfall over the small matter of a receding poverty line not helping the cause of the markets rich BJP is a puerile coincidence for the markets, but correspondingly there is no Congress faction left in the markets to buno the tanabana, Markets selling the stable BJP proposition backing out for an increased negative momentum(undesirably sharp)  on the downward side

The IT trade coming into profit taking for the almost first time except for a pre results redenomination, there ae buyers out there who are ok with the premium on Infy to a low 3475 market price and HCL Tech is good for a move of Rs 100 or more. Thus if all sectors move together like the Tuesday open, markets could see almost unheard of hlevels receding to 2012 levels no longer required by the New Dolla r prices. That also means these exits will cascade the Rupee even as it holds at 62.50 to 63 levels , that being a new fresh level for the currency. However it is still possible that with DIIs coming back as markets sell off that the gradual sell off can indeed turnaround and complete the prophesied ( by certan others , also old hands) pre election rally in India. The sell trade on ITC will likely never exit 290 levels an such picks abound with limited downside even in the correction which will confuse buyers into making losing commitments so a wait and watch is necessary. F&O markets return back to index only specials and i the downmove is to be arrested by Vols at 14 this will be a small enough move, but that is unlikely leaving vols (India Vix) ranging between 14 and 16 till the first buyers return whence new VIX levels would only see increasing volatility

However as we were stock specific going up and DIIs look for bargains to pick up pieces, there are gaps in how the markets will rebuild momentum most buyers holding on to prior 2013 selections including the new Aurobindo and Sun Pharma trades( a great defensive for mopping up your prop liquidity) in IDFC at 90, ICICI Bank almost ready at 930 levels ( the next levels are around 871), Yes Bank ( bottom at 267 will likely not reach the same so accumulating should be ready  – like a dark pool premium),  Bajaj Auto, ITC, Bharti and no – not ttk and titan currently as there is much more going down in that specific market despite the penchant of the self funded margin traders in our domestic brokerages like Angel, SMC and Centrum including the overlap with commodities wealth accounts. There will be no dlf trade north, none in Jubilant foods, titan or ttk and none in HDIL or unitech much later. Axis Bank’s orphaned again being misused in the prior rallies, leaving nay of the F&O speculators heading there at great risk from those targeting their brand of stupidity after getting on the right investments. Trading as a game may try not to suffer though sharp bear phases and quick bull recoveries are not ruled out with brokers and traders living the cricket dictum of well left alone even for great value picks in Midcaps The trades are mostly in Spreads, Bear spreads in your choice made by buying Puts at the just OTM (ATM-OTM>= 0) and selling a lower put to part fund the trade. Bull spreads, which wold be due n a couple of weeks, go bought Call just OTM (ITM-OTM>=0) which reflects better liquidity as well and thus better premiums, and partly funded by distant OTM Calls ( nly one or two will have  tested and liquid quotes where you do not pay excess liquidity spreads)

 

Bank Policy Tuesday: RGR raises rates to 8% on Repo and 7% on Rev Repo

Maintaining the Channel at 1% and the CRR at 4% , the third quarter policy will go down well if markets in credit ( inter bank markets) continue to gravitate to reverse repo rates for borrowing in lieu of improved liquidity. Most hawkish analysts would improve their forecasts of rate hikes basis the new policy implemented in the third quarter. Our day’s review of Urjit Patel recos shows it is unlikely to be in an implementable form for some time and cannot be proposed into active roster during FY15 and probably FY16, but then it is a function of Central politics in 6 months from now

The Macro review admits to a loss of grow momentum. CPI declined as food groups obliged WPI at a four month low and the report notes the mall uptick in Cre inflation which is still very much below a healthy 2%

Hardening prices of services and key intermediates seen in conjunction with rising bank credit, increase in order books, pick-up in capacity utilisation and the decline in inventories of raw materials and finished goods in relation to sales suggests that aggregate demand pressures are still imparting an upside to overall inflation.

Policy stance incorporates the glide path to CPI envisaged in the UPA report in six months

Term repos were conducted in the later weeks of January despite Advance Tax payments to improve liq after Government Balances rose. Trade deficit is down by 25% in nine months. CAD has been forecast below 2.5% in March and CPI(Combined) expected to be ranging 7.5-8.5% at the end of the fiscal and FY15 before the next target of 6% kicks in.

The GDP fan shows a 4-7% range by Q4 FY 15 with expectations of growth from agri included in the RBI prognosis, forgoing their choice of a sticky move in Repo rates north to 8%. However the new Governor does admit this was an on the edge decision leaving further moves to the south probably open if his version of noise in the inflation is rested appropriately further, and improving chances of holding at 8% on the Repo rate and 9% on the MSF. On the whole, post policy action is still likely to raise interest rates in the Indian Economy now prior to the returning of the miracle grow / prodigal (not RGR reference obviously) though banks may not raise lending or deposit rates and Transmission issues remain with Banks using excess liquidity in borrowing from LAF for investments(govt borrowings/adjustment auctions)

Import controls, mostly on Gold brought CAD 1.2% in Q2 and the liquidity measures on Sept 5 , rejuvenating post impact from the currency crisis resulted in inflows of $9.1 Bn in equities and $14.1 Bln outflows in the Debt segment till Mid November (since May) were balanced apparently by $3.8 Bln in inflows in Debt since

MSF rate was only brought down by 150 bp since with elevated inflation expectations resulting in a repo hike of 50 p till now, which is likely achieved objective but still leaves the threat of increasing repo rates out, we would say another 50 b p is ready in the bag assuming yields travel to 8.5% , which would have been stable conditions this policy but are likely to be six months out from here given normal growth henc as yields likely move back to the 9 benchmark in the intervening period

Markets dipped on worries of UPA report making it and the unexpected rate hike before biting the bullet at 6130 levels during the presser.

India Morning Report: A tough hand dealt in the Financial Stability Report

Loan
Loan (Photo credit: LendingMemo)

The Interconnectedness of the Indian Banking system, might have become prioritised for a global caveat emptor learnt but the Indian system has much more downside from our desi PSU style profligacy in SME lending as haircuts on even 50% of that stressed portfolio would take the government out for a long walk in the woods. Delving a little more indepth into our favorite subject, most of the stressed portfolios in India Inc’s first stress tests were found to be in Infra, Mining and Cap goods sectors or our core Infrastructure series components and those would anyway need to be treated differently than Ordinary term loans . Such loans constitue 54% of the Stressed assets identified in the FSR.

However as the Financial Stability Report remarks, there is a fundamental risk to about 60% of the credit stock in the Banking system collapsing banks even as they have primarily not created a laconic lee side for the Ghat monsoons in interbank lending primarily one supposes thru traded CDLOs and real lending on larger accounts  than derivatives without a defined underlying as in the global case. The risk as highlighted in the FSR come from defaults in lending portfolios of Banks skewed to single corporates apparently among other details one has to study from the disregard of concentration risk by lenders with the 20% to single corporate and 25% i think for group key limits to be tightened and enforced duly.

India on the other hand has to grow the Securitisation pie  from here and where the Central Bank would be trying to control INR 1.7 Tln in repayments due till 2017-18 from the next fiscal onwards (FY15->2014-15) , India would indeed face an uphill task the markets would do well to ensure they have factored in. HDFC Bank too never got that approval for added FII investments even as Axis Bank application was cleared last week(to 62%).

Back to the mundane diary of the Indian markets for the day, Markets trade leaving the upside intact as shallow trades characterise the last trading session to 2014, much like last week’s record low of INR 740 Bln in the full day of equities and derivatives trading on the NSE and BSE and Cash volumes are likely to stay below INR 30 Bln (the last week low was INR 50 Bln) probably. US and European Markets are closed on New Years Day including Fixed income markets (at least in the USA) The other thing to highlight from the watchful Fiscal Stability Report is RBI’s worries on the Growth – Inflation dynamics not working out as WPI continues above 7%  which we led with sometime in November.

Net foreign inflows continue to sweeten the deal for India inc into 2014 with a 1.5% CAD (FSR score 1.7% and a FY14 achievement score target of under 3%) and the Fisc even if the virtual spending shutdown (as in the last 4 years) from January will soon find another yawning gap even if FY 2014 indeed perks up reasonably. Hopes of a stable post election scenario have almost been crossed out in case you did not notice in the New Year’s eve  celebrations and the infra pack, high on investment hopes and leadership from IDFC, and a deleveraging trio incl GMR Infra and JP Associates with the Relinfra people facing their first AAM Party audit

Apparently new year’s eve also sees an uptick in Tata Power and Reliance , which one doubts will last esp as Tata Motors is receiving its recognition only for its minute share of the TESCO-Trent JV like in fact here was such when Starbucks burst onto the subcontinent scene. The Starbucks venture is well-defined however, and the ware tastes well, drawing in big crowds in now 3(Three) cities in India

Redesigned logo used from 2011-present.
Redesigned logo used from 2011-present. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

What probably did not get highlighted but was tried earlier by RBI, also needs to be monitored for results as Foreign Banks continue to skirt the Living Wills issues at Global HQ and continue to rethink their strategy with regard to entering India. Apparently Gross NPAs will start trickling down as we long suggested but Fitch and a few others are still hoping the PSU disaster will play out to bigger stakes and at a faster rate to make a return virtually impossible ( especially if larger Government injections are requird to keep them floating – KV Kamath). However, I would just depend on the investment recovery and the credit growth performance by Private Banks and probably PNB as Deposits finally outpace credit in the last bi monthly reports on the Banking sector in Calendar 2013 and the ICDR hopefully comes back to respectable levels without Banks having to constrain such new lending in India’s recovery phase

Also don’t take me to be a cynic but Torrent and Lupin’s timed leaks about Pharma’s assault on a generic version opportunity for Cymbalta may be better timed but is still probably a few months away from translating into Dollars and one fervently hope ( and cannot claim to otherwise yet concretise) that the generic provides an opportunity to us more than the cookie cutter $200-500 mln with or without first mover advantage.

Bank Policy Wednesday: India stands PAT on rates in December

Even as RBI shows concern about the retail inflation, it has probably factored in the welfare sustenance supply chain requirement that has necessitated a higher tick of Food inflation likely to last till 2015. Even though the jump in core inflation to 2.66% has reached worrying levels, the RGR regime has played it on the level, standing by the current Bank rate at 7.75% . As banks have already moved off the higher MSF lending or the last quarter, banks would anyway be unaffected by the lack of change but the markets can seriously take the impending rally’s mechanics from here .

The FOMC reports later in the India day, closer to midnight when they can , we agree, start with an early taper. However, The Fed meeting is likely to also be a sendoff for Ben Bernanke and so any such major policy announcements may be skipped for Janet Yellen to attend to in February, April or even June 2014 and as the Fed has managed so adroitly, the Taper would not mean tightening. Though the Dollar remains weak, the Taper is unlikely to still avoid the Dollar strengthening into a vise like grip on the US own Economy.

On India’s Policy announcement, the 7.5% mark would have been even better but as noticed concerns on Food and Primary inflation are real and may spill over to Core inflation unless kept in check. The RBI Governor notes that Vegetable prices that jumed 99% in the Friday WPI report may fall sharply.

Yesterday’s Review noted, in the overall scenario

In India, the pick-up in real GDP growth in Q2 of 2013-14, albeit modest, was driven largely by robust growth of agricultural activity, supported by an improvement in net exports. However, the weakness in industrial activity persisting into Q3, still lacklustre lead indicators of services and subdued domestic consumption demand suggest continuing headwinds to growth. Tightening government spending in Q4 to meet budget projections will add to these headwinds. In this context, the revival of stalled investment, especially in the projects cleared by the Cabinet Committee on Investment, will be critical.

Banks have garnered $34 Billion from FCNR Deposits and India’s FX reserves have jumped at a $5 Bln every week from $277 Bln odd at the end of November and now at $291 Bln. RBI continues to flag the negative output gap and even a slowdown in Services

Also factored into the December decision is the virtual shutdown in Spending by the Government from January as revenues remain not so robust, which would strain interbank liquidity (LV?CNBC18)

It is good that RBI has returned to not being overtly reactive to the inflationary economy and GDP in March could have a larger chunk of the good news premium Indian data has been lacking since the year began.

India Morning Report: Market correction sows signs of split down the middle?

English: Human Capital Investment Model!!
English: Human Capital Investment Model!! (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The correction from yesterday’s opening highs continued into Tuesday, as markets have opened with Banknifty below 12000.

What has transpired is that the correction and the realisation of the individual mixed fortunes of investment sector favorites like L&T and BHEL have combined with a strain of distraction from the recovery as investments into the real economy continue to lag and the same has seeped into the other Capital investment beneficiaries including drilling and project engineering stocks like ABAN and others, forcing the markets into a rumination on whether markets will resume any bullish candles in the remaining days of the week settling in at 6350 levels for most of the interest additions till mid series. Pressure on markets will however ease as Put Call Ratios trundle up on every such small reaction and saturated markets will only unwind shorts. Thermax is definitely on a stronger wicket compare to other Capex companies

The FII portfolios had added $5 bln of flows in the market rally since September, all being attributed to a BJP vote and change in government since Sunday but the production data coming towards the end of the week and the RBI rate hike designs may likely be sullying the recovery for the markets. The Fixed Income yields are down again to 8.88% after showing the strong surprise in splitting from a strong rupee back into the historic strong Currency /Bond markets stream at 8.88% yields after Rupee also lost most of the gains at 61.25 in the morning’s trade.

The RBI’s cause to not live with Inflation seems surprising as also the increased likelihood to get the MSF higher to 9% in next week’s announcement with a corresponding 25 bp hike. However as Rajat Monga points out in CNBC TV18 snippets, the banks are quite comfortable with the current liquidity given the policy rates and the bond markets at 9%

NTPC struck 10% lower after CERC guidelines announced take Power Reform to a new level. NTPC has been utilising the gap period making up for unavailable guidelines by showing tax activism towards consumers which has been hit b the regulator primarily as it also moves towards Generation based incentives

CERC reforms have hit ancient contract ridden NTPC which continued to charge differential tax rates to customers while paying lower rates at a much later time , an arbitrage blocked by new CERC guidelnes. Distcos will not be impacted as much with Hydro projects enjoying a 35 year useful life along with the Distcos and Powergrid will be connecting the South grid adding Power to shortage marred Andhra and TN

Comment period lasts till Mid Jan for these guidelines whence other clauses impacting the Power companies will be clarified but do not impact the ROE assured by CERC for 12% on older PPAs and up to 16% on newer pricing including PPAs

English: Image depicting Central Electricity R...

 

Bank Policy Tuesday: RBI Governor completes policy action

inflation
inflation (Photo credit: SalFalko)

With the forced liquidity constraints as the currency devolved on the nation in June ( after May 21 announcement) RBI was stuck in the middle of a rate cut leg of its policy to encourage growth. Already hampered by banks using Central Bank liquidity to the extent of INR 2 Tln instead of market, the Central bank’s rate hike onsequently in September even as the MSF hikes were redacted and brought back to the normal line may finally break the back of the markets on the verge of a bullish move from 6200.

The only inflation out of control however is the Food inflation which may not respond to any rate hikes and this rate hike may just be a mechanistic response continuing since Duvvoori Rao demitted office to stabilise the higher rate environment, in which case India may old these levels for a good six months, and in developed markets this new intermediate leg could have lasted years, till the rate cuts can begin again.

Meanwhile consumer staples will continue to see large double digit price increases to correct 2-3 years of suppressed marketing budgets and pricin pressures unrequited to keep basic sales growth alive in consumer markets

The announced policy steps however will increase bank rates and as retail lending has reounded such increases are largely going to be absorbed by consumers and however will have had debatable impacts on fueling furthr inflation now controlled by bank rates. NBFC business is already looking better in consumer durables with a clampdown on 0 interest loans and while that may not segment the market in favor of first time durable buyers that have been an absent quantity fooling marketers and policymakers, it will continue to better control the negative output gap with more advantages for NBFC lending even for banks that have already relied a fair portion of their portfolio on the sector at the expense of obviating the real winning consumer sectors or industry sectors winning n the changed scenario

RBI hiked rates 25 bp and MSF channel has returned to 100 bp over the repo rate clearing the path for a return to the Repo rate as the Bank rate.. WPI forecast has been banded to the central bank’s comfort zone as 6-7%. GDP growth is updatd to 5% for FY 2014

The banks lead the Nifty comeback post policy action as they assume the deed is done and currency will consolidate around 61-62 levels before going back to the trade deficit control led highs nearer 60-61 levels The sponsored rally ost policy is however blushingly even across non actors and non performers in the banks bunched with YES Bank, ICICI Bank and even HDFC Bank and Axis Bank. IDFC has recovered its morning deficit too. BOB is up 15 pointsand BOI is in the positive with Pharma/result candidate DRL also staging a mini rally. The short on LIC Housing ahead of results has also disappeared and tomorrow’s results are likely to see fat positives as sentiment needs a good build up and inflows ontinue to allow market makers to perform as such and the Financials are likely to reward investors who stuck through the unreasonable 2 months pre the last MSF related policy action. Further policy action unless embargoed by inflation is likely to stay with seeing the bank rate climb down from the current MSF 8.75% to the Repo rate of 7.75% ( The Revese Repo is 6.75% where  RBI issues new collateral securities)

 

Cut in MSF, RBI to monitor CAD and Inflation(WPI)- Bank Policy and Mid Quarter Review (September 2013)

RBI followed Fed into the ever present snare of having lost the confidence of the markets when it decided to recalibrate repo rates while decreasing MSF rates to 9.5%. The Repo rate at 7.5% in fact allows the 200bp cover on the normal MSF as it now stands exactly at 9.5% but the markets were spooked by an anti inflationary stance from the Central Bank blocking out possiblities  of growth returning in the immediate future.

RBI has in the meantime further eased intra day trading on FX limited for banks along with the extraordinary increase in MSF and Bank rate last month. The Reverse Repo rate is also notified to 6.50% and though the bank rate has not been updated, it has been notified to 9.5%. Unfortunately with yields pulling away sharply to 8.3% levels despite their being room to move to 8% levels after the policy announcement, it means markets and inflows are now gong to try and make economic judgments all over again and with no other policy action forthcoming that could fiscally pressure India all over again ahead of the tightening in December

Daily CRR has been reduced to 95% from 99% allowing banks a little more flexibility but CRR and SLR together still account for more than 23% of the Banking deposits

Changes to liquidity rates can be effected further at any time before or after he next policy review. The Mid quarter review sees to balance the good monsoon’s impact as he negative outut gap now expected with the increase in risks on CAD and inflation

RBI’s stress on WPI seems unwarranted at ur end esp wit Crude levels coming back to manageable levels even as they go down further.

RBI Mid Quarter Review 11 am  

RBI Media(1pm) and Analyst(3.30pm) Webcast –

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