India Morning Report: A GDP score of 4.8%, financial services up, tourism fading?, The Jet Etihad minority opinion(onion?)

Monsoon Clouds
Monsoon Clouds (Photo credit: Intrepid wanderer)

The GDP report was an easy one with Industrial production no longer  a riddle but  a low 2% still below potential as manufacturing remains muted. Services sector GDP could have been above 7% led by the revival in Banking and Financial Services and hence lending, however it was not just Hospitality sector, which is going thru a low in line with a Global slowdown, but also in Community and Personal & Social services that the GDP for the sector and thence the overall report was muted. Mining and Agriculture have recovered though expectations were probably higher in market watchers. Gold price for example have not really fallen from $1240 levels, supporting their way of a Hindu rate of growth/recovery like old days and furrowing my eyebrows while assessing if the recovery has indeed begun can actually remain muted after the 6 months markets are willing to wait

While utilities also jumped back , both Financial services and Utilities (Elect. & Gas) coming back to near double digit scores for Q2 FY14, the Community services cut could point to further pressure from Government spending coming down. The HSBC PMI for November has returned to a positive 51 ( 10.30 AM update)

Budgets for NREGA and other Welfare schemes have been cut with a reduction of INR 100 Bln in the rural development ministry and INR 50 Bln in the Ministry for  Human Capital but the current Fiscal Deficit target of INR 5.45 Trillion (Rupees Lakh Crores) has already been spent to 84% of the target in the Fiscal period from April to October, leaving the last four months exceptionally painful, even as public spending is up to nearly 30% more than the Planning Commission contributions in the budget or INR 600 Bln with the October deficit itself at INR 300 Bln.

While India’s Capex companies look outside India for elusive new orders, (L&T/BHEL) welfare spending will now taper off if deficit is to be reined in even as Electoral spending profligate and wilful, takes over for political equations that remain murky and public spats making the BJP/JD/Congress campaign closest to spaghetti /cesspools more recently associated with Banana republics/Southern partners in Euro(pe)

 However, with other reasons seen as impacting Banking profits the well timed thrust for Banking stocks is weaker this morning and the 6350 target itself may remain an elusive slow mountain but shorts also have time to mull and wait. A word of caution that might have filtered through earlier from us, the sector substitutes chosen , except for Crompton Greaves /Greaves Cotton ( just maybe!) remain almost as wild an imagination as 20 years ago when FII franchises and brokerages had  a hard time keeping the India story transparent or represented in Listed stocks

Markets might consider moving back after the news is traded to 6250 levels (GDP at 4.8%) further expectations of an even better Agri GDP cannot be relied upon but the India investment story rekindled in the post June rally is safe and thriving though on lower volumes till January and may not even engender a big jump back in the Rupee from 62 levels, waiting for the Q3 / December earnings season after Bonuses have been announced /distributed in MNC India

A jump trade in Private Banks incl ICICI Bank and YES Bank is probable in the afternoon, the other option being stronger infracos and we sill do not think Dabur and Marico can replace ITC and Bharti though HUL is on the other side of the trend as an almost defensive again with core inflation in control from the GDP arguments above and pricing power in retail extending to domestic pharma as well before the quintessential control from Government pushes its way in. Wonderfully, the Diesel decontrol is moving on nicely without a break as Diesel prices close up to 60 levels and the Oil ill discussions for this fiscal are probably over leaving the Energy companies in cahoots with the Metals on the strongly bullish stocks led by Tata Steel. Tata Motors and Maruti attempts to breakthrough last week, will be the genesis of the immediate correction(in consonance with Mitesh Thakkar , ETNOW)

The Jaswant Thada mausoleum in Jodhpur, Rajast...
The Jaswant Thada mausoleum in Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India in the early morning. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Idea may also benefit from the weaker spectrum prices as the government strengthens its revenue shortfalls with the Powergrid mega FPO going online tomorrow.

USD remains weaker, making bears at UBS and CLSA a worried lot ( if they have actually ut any money into biting the Rupee on their pessimistic prognostications) and Crude at its lowest has fully enjoyed the Rupee weakness, turning to 6000 at similar levels when it battled 4500 a quarter ago. So who is going to the first dozen to really move into rural, assuming the first three slots are HDFC Banks and the Automobile Finance companies that started in 2009? Yields may dip below 8.5% to the final top of this rally before stabilising around Governor’s further refinment of the maintenance policy for FY14 and FY15 as recovery is awaited

CCI okays Jet Etihad Deal

A lovely informed review of the Jet Etihad deal, on our favorite The Firm (CNBC) and other forums shows the combinations Commish, Anurag Goyal left in the lurch as the CCI went to great lengths to ignore trouble brewing from the deal. After the deal, Jet keeps 50% of share in flights from Delhi to Abu Dhabi and 55% from Mumbai while its dropping of Dubai means big trouble in the sector flying from Kochi/Trivandrum to Dubai where it had a 69% share. The Majority opinion assumes a 2 hour reach criteria to assume a single market across Abu Dhabi , Dubai and Sharjah, showing th limitations of  20 years of hyper growth having left in official mindsets especially as such ‘arcane’ topics are probably not as interesting a conversation in Delhi and Mumbai despite the attempt a t modernity

Road to the Monsoon
Road to the Monsoon (Photo credit: Karthick Makka)

India Morning Report: The Taper trade that did not matter and a SAP for Sugar

taper-2
taper-2 (Photo credit: Chriszwolle)

Even our best performance this fiscal is going to keep us in deficit and ECB debt is going to be fiancing thaat to a heavy share for some years to come. But we are not close to getting investment back into the Economy. Though one would specifically request those in the audience paying heed to the new Catcalls for Greed&Fear ( the one from Chris Wood, CLSA) to be extra careful even as India’s weightage rises in the same, the concept of greed & Fear including the other global index by CNN i s probably an important turn on for investors who like to measure a positive performance than just revel in the goodness of equities. The CNN index for one is more like a PMI chart to benchmark against esp now that VIX has shown to be absolutely negatively correlated to good sentiment.

Back on the Taper spooking the markets, I think the markets are being taken for a ride, but a s long as that is backed by skin in the game, the resulting corrections and from here the rally to 6300 are as real as ever. The Taper in its entirety has already found India backers pooh-poohing the European idea that India will shuck itself out from that ONE trade whenever it starts, and the traction for that correction was educative for India analysts to realize the negative sentiment India’s sitting on the fence has created for India.

Again, thankfully it is easy to see the negative sentiment as a European thing because those are really fragile banks and though they will continue to press enough of their capital into Asia in the coming decade too, their role after this taper might well be non existent after two currency crises in Asia and a little of the curry for the home run. Sorry, UBS. Sorry , CLSA. Pension investors and Infra shows like Citi, Macquarie and that HDFC investor(Scottish widows) still remain, but those sharper on the Short trade including HSBC and StanC at times, must suffer for it. That aphorism about Glass houses is meant for them to read into their history of shutdowns accelerated in the last few years

Taper trades are a hoo-haa if 6000 survived. The date for the Taper moving to June 2014 ( We mentioned sometime in October)  and a lower CAD, also star  as the most important factors in the next stage, when the Taper quantity becomes limited and gets filibustered by a non US QE from another OECD Central bank as 2% becomes their growth ceiling and the scare runs back to Bull trades, like they shut out shorts today

Of course markets closed yesterday without any shorts exiting and no one has been caught this morning because they exited the trades or are in the process of exiting the same. Yesterday’s negative FII flow would be a rare moment in the history of this exclusive bastion of Bulls that is India nd e are again ready to move beyond 2007 levels here, especially if the Dow moves out into the 16000’s as it showed last week.

There is no argument 280 per tonne,is electorally stimulating for farmers and ever untenable for Sugar Mills suffering from days they could get it for INR 130 just before the SAP arrangements began. However, it is unlikely that farmers will go back to lower realisations and it is still that SAP’s positive effects continue to out weigh its negative impact on Agri inflation. I’d say till Core inflation starts getting impacted, it is another “sleepy hollow’ strategy that India Inc is more willing to bear than it lets on and will be critical in India’s continuing move to reap the demographic dividend, not just in consumption but in investment in urbanization and modernisation residual to the New World

Those bullish on IT and Pharma for the wrong reasons may be the next in for a rude shock as markets refuse to stay on a particular 6200 or other level in search for the elusive big trade. Especially in IT, those like Tech M may not be able to hide their being disapproved by current and potential customers despite the Dollar Rupee. One suspects HCL’s half hearted transformation may also have found the cliff it was hiding for all the time.

The Taper? It does not loom..Sorry Mr. Doom

Banknifty had a hard call for market soothsayers even as higher than 9% yields tempt everyone to the current Fixed Income market as well .Kotak’s projections for H2FY14 could probably look for sympathisers extending the sam eto the Full year where it a little short sightedly holds the bullishness in earnings to a mere 6%., that probably landing it again in the wrong side of caution tales.  Also one expects Bank earnings to tank the H2 report card for the index as a whole but the double digit earnings score should still be a n easy challenge for Indian companies showing an immunity to global volatility esp with FMCG, Domestic Pharma and Automobiles. The Sun Pharma trade is on the short end right now, more to do with Sun Pharma being clubbed in the passive folios with  Hero Moto and thus probably caching good stock for short trade to use a s collateral. They could thus off and on make the negaive end of scrip pairs within their sector but overall they will still be an increasing part of bull portfolios their index scores likely to go up esp with those not formally keeping to the index components in index tracing funds that will walk away with more inflows

 

India Morning Report: Lets get some money from call writing quickies – Mid November hubris

Siège nord américain d'UBS
Siège nord américain d’UBS (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It’s probably the limited upside, but mostly the markets were pretty itchy at 6200 in the middle of the November series and so the shorts have worked out. Also importantly, none of the good to great outperformers/strong buys like YES, ITC, IDFC or Bharti and Bajaj are down except for the Bank trade again weighed by PSUs hurting Private Banks in the dominos game and ICICI Bank remains a leading call writing target . The new 2023/24 bond being released day after has meantime ensured the fixed income shorts for yields look at bonds above the critical 9% mark inciting the sceptical trade on India deepening Money markets and Fixed income trade

However, that move in mind, this market could have easily moved out of the woods at 6100 levels,  and will probably do that before end of day today. Despite UBS and Credit Lyonnaise (Bhanu Baweja , Fixed Income and Chris Wood , Strategit of favor levelsst), markets move to 5900 and not behind 6100 will be that bottomless pit one wants to avoid sticking cash in.

Power NBFCs are good buys again. The Reliance Infra trade probably also opened two way liquidity where one side of the trade is actually close to breaking its margin wall, thus tempting predators with no downside targets in mind, led by Ashwini Gujral  (perhaps unwittingly) and as I mentioned the ICICI Bank trade (SS). Currency is stable at 63 levels. Any hits to 70 levels post elections cannot be avoided as a fresh slate of CAD and Fiscal worries are definitely hard to wipe off the scoreboard without real investments, Europe cannot make and the Taper that will come. Staying invested rather than exiting with Cash and Gold is however the strategy at this time. M&M springs to mind and one fundamental intelligent strategy would be to limit exposure to depreciation stars like IT, esp third tier players like Infosys and Tech Mahindra

Those rushing to Mid Cap rerating up are also fresh out of ideas. The real factor steaming down market levels which one can separate in the meantime is the fundamental variation of the 2080 rule playing out in the mrket. Instead of just the select 20 stocks in the large caps rising we have the other 80(Eighty) being almost disbanded to permanently(seemingly) out of favor levels as evidenced by yesterday’s A-D line. This “acceleration of reform” undertaken by the market segment needing to justify shorts, is misguided and ll only bring the other 20 to shaky two way disrepute as good scrips add on unwanted volatility

Today will thus see an unwanted spike in volatility which will test these new found memes laser focussed on jst the best 12 or 20 scrips that are equated to yesterday’s “Sure things”. And, of course ( with no thought to grammar as you read this as spoken) , the bullish State Bank trade or the frustrated India shining trade post Jet Airways sell out to etihad or the lower expectations from full priced aviation going forward, SIA or Asia Airlines Tier 2 town strategy

Welcome home to India, expats. Less than 10% of our current imports are Chinese

 

India Morning Report: My right shift key doesn’t work. Will the right UBS please step up!

The McDonald Happy meal is still Rs 20/- and the $5 Big Mac Meal still under INR 200 all taxes paid ( Large fries and coke), so it is not PPP. However, Bhanu(UBS)’ target of 68 is very near and there are no buyers in the currency yet, thus the new Box from 70 to 78-80 should be in play in the coming week. That should also see the traditional Exports rise because of depreciation an import spending goes down finally proving true before the policy implemented is taken seriously by those still trying to understand India from an investment point of view starting from Ford which began in India in the first wave of reforms and is still unable to use it as an export base or get a competing model up against Suzuki.. but the three traditional arguments above hold no water because of the vast difference between reported statistics and trend forming prices, markets and the still unexplored new CPI barely a year old. Bond markets have traditionally neglected volatility especially in Valuations and recovery LGD models from KMV to other modified Merton and non Merton / non Fama-French models.

Domestic consumption is firmly isolated from the one fifth of GDP that is Exports as long as oil prices stay south which looks likely as even $15 Bln less in buying is hardly to be noticed except for the improbable hysteria still not shown by markets. one would probably see Fed buying reduced by half by the end of 2013 in the strongest such scenarios and the markets have broken trends enough to stand tall in that event nullifying any tail risk or God events as a result. Such rabid unnecessity aside, Indian commentators are not expecting a recovery in the currency, and with Foreign interest likely to return in to the investment cycle and in ETF inflows to India and the EMs in the next two months, 80 thus could be my ventured level for the currency, 60 being overshot long ago. A long recovery trade in the Rupee could in fact still be impossible at those levels and any attempt to recover the 60 levels might not even be theoretically feasible right now.

UBS of course has lost all pretentions to Investment Banking and its PPP valuation of 78 is probably a non starter even if they receive 100% of revenues in bonuses as a stay away handshake from the European Private Banking Management. credit Suisse is still due for a hole in the shoe quarter as its ROE calculations seem to suggest this quarter and th Euroean trend t increase bonus percentages flares the remaining  investment bankers to a quick relapse of their own holes. Traders at Deutsche bank of course would have ore room to create a new stand in Asia after having completed restructuring and HSBC may not have deprioritised the same as well. stanchart does well with a long term view so it may be planning to sit out further bullish rupee moves too.

India Morning Report: Markets swing to international sentiment on India

Pivot table NSE Banknifty PSUBank index scrips...
Pivot table NSE Banknifty PSUBank index scrips from OJN for 20110609 (Photo credit: OJN2)

 

The proof of the pudding is in the eating. in the weakest correlation ever to its presence n the Global markets, as shared by global investors and markets that largely ignore Indian events already, with mirrors available in east Asia/turkey and even other developed economies, India itself typically stands alone and the imperceptible nod to trend shifts remains the only hint to international investors. again though the banking system has been asked to step up to tighter overnight liquidity yesterday with a 4% CRR now enforced daily instead of twice monthly(fortnightly not bi monthly) where earlier it was required to e 70% now it is 995 That would affect the base SLR stock too but with most in excess on SLR, banks would have additional motive to hawk those securities for others CRR requirements and a domestic mini bond sell off may yet be avoided if there is a real overnight liquidity crunch. Which there is not.

 

So the entire shortfall of INr 900 Bln pointed out as likely by analysts like UBS’  Bhanu may actually be a mirage for inter bank markets though interest rates will respond likewise the first shock of two weeks ago and a catch up to the 10% mark as the LAF is now available at 7.25% only for 0.5% of each bank’s NDTL. Thus this shortfall may take a whole 6-8 weeks in unhiding itself in the business and a rate hike may yet be unlikely though the range of choices before the RBI Governor is still not large and banks wee on the verge of easing down loan rates when the dollar/oil trap worked them into a corner

 

What that means for equities is that they are largely naffected as liquidity from interbank schemes and pledges shares has already been minimised. Also foreign flows stay in and increase slowly while letting the Rupee fall. I may be well describing a limitation of this monetary outreach here but no one would play that card to corner India though unwittingly FX flows be unconcerned and pressure maintained on the currency as dollar starts its climb back I still dont think IT sector is going to capitalise on this leg of the continuing rupee depreciation stance but yes those basing their investments on continuing wage hikes factored in will bring in the kudos for the sector always singled out as the flip side of a depreciating currency while exports remain ata standstill falling 5% in June

 

Markets may not dip further from the 5990 levels Is ee in late morning trading on the screens and the Banknifty dip is probably still just a check on how things pan out and north is the way to bet from today late afternoon. Sun pharma going back into currency or more HUL will still not preclude positive investing in Bharti, ITC, Yes, IDFC and iCICI Bank

 

 

 

India Morning Report: Auto exports pick up at Bajaj, PFC, L&T and IDFC lead plays

The headline tries to get at the difference in the consolidating market of now vs. that of three years ago in a similar situation i.e. within this cycle as the prospects of infracos having taken a nosedive and that of auto sales having hit a rock or two still have not dented or revived the case for an explosion of demand and the few selected beneficiaries in each sector. As always the moves are helped by Banking, in this case new bank licences even as Bharti, ITC and YES retain investor interest but have lost their lead as momentum creators in the market. Jet Airways was repurposed by Tony Fernandes’ claims countering Jet’s path to growth in the last 10 years taking unused Tier 2 cities and airports as model bases for its expansion starting at 3 aircraft and proposing to add 10 aircraft a year. Vodafone’s unilateral attempts on the other hand remain wierd and misrepresented to say the least s they make no sense of price or commodity in question probably trying to get a buy one take one free from the judicial process with the tax case still not settled on the m&a either.

at Airasia fair
at Airasia fair (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

In Energy, brokerages try to play catch up and set a mini trend but with 10-12 more hikes in diesel any fundamental rerating except the positive drfit up ensconced currently is unlikely. UBS upgraded BPCL and Citi downgraded ONGC to neutral. In Auto xports, Maruti continus to scare with losing the plot over old established exports continuing 2 years after the shift t diesel and D’sire models in the Gurgaon and Manesar plants but the MNCs and two wheeler/three wheeler companies ride growing marking of production to exports

But back to index based investors and statistics, now would be the time to reassess the significance of India in Asia and global indices though company based weights have been switched around earlier in April. Volatility should subside and give rise to a positive volatility based move sooner than later after core growth was par for May at 2.3% and Energy prices were realigned without protest. Global Oil and gold prices continue to trace lows and new banks from muthoot finance or others however be unable to get out of the success of their nbfc counterparts while establishing retail having to take existing operations to the bank.

That should also mean more new licences as each of the 26 is also a regional in one way or the other apart from leading from one business segment.And, importantly there is still chance for finance m&a albeit after grant of licences, while Sundaram finance /Shriram finance continue to try and refashion their book to get RBI’s nod currently not available for the deleterious mix o securities from refi considerations. India may ass this lull for ECB finance sooner than later as it materialises that the rupee level is unlikely to improve and thence investors, already back for the ride may get to cook more for the gravy train than 2012 offered.

Also, a note to sovereign asian investrs, this could be the last chance to get into the India story at these levels, and more attractive with a weak rupee as these funds hld more of foreign currency than local currency losers in fixed income and currency

India Morning Report: Unfolding Political Drama alienates Capital investment opportunities

English: Map of the British Indian Empire from...
English: Map of the British Indian Empire from Imperial Gazetteer of India (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

The surprising and unfortunate saga of the returning bout of political stability that landed last week has caused India inc some serious heartburn as market mirrors waning confidence levels of corporate India which was looking at raising cheaper money and deploying into new industry and infrastructure this year. Though observers still stand on the sidelines trying to peg Economic forecasts to the agri output as monsoon season also prepares to make its pronouncement and the comeback in core metal and mining sectors will be long lasting and is already underway.

 

 

The consumption cuts after a brief comeback in December January are almost inconsequential as global equities will correct and even out only some of the withdrawing Emerging market ETFs with India being a safe haven yet for equities, valuations at 5600 pointing to an almost extreme low on current profitability set to improve in the last quarter of the fiscal. But the 10 year  yield is already nose up after having forced the RBI’s hand and is likely to land near 8.1% another 14 bips in the next month or more. Japanese capital investment flows are probably striking Asia again with Myanmar starting Rice exports to Japan after a good 40 years and that is good news to the region strapped solely by Chinese FDI. Though unrelated, the India story will also depend on these FDI flows as its own Corporates battle the post rate cut bad scenario.

 

 

Further relaxation on FII investment limits in bonds are only likely to bring in more investments in the 3-5 year horizon as precious MTN products become a possibility to increase available choices for those evaluating Indian company CDS’ in the Asian trades. Indian ratings could improve in the next 5-7 years if such depth is indeed possible as another batch of QIPs though distinctly less than the volumes from Indian ECB in 2009 and 10, remain likely in 13 and 14 banks and infracos being the hitherto winners. The steepening curve in the meantime as India’s long term yields falter and demand comes to shorter maturities could infact be a boon to low lying infra SPVs as their structures shift to quasi one year rolled over paper and trap sub 5% short term pricing of debt. Their overhang of 30 year debt continues to be a big rating concern and government is likely to be unable to backstop more of it.

 

 

The political uncertainty in the meantime will only bring Nitish’s Bihar to the fore in the governance camp and DMK itself will be softer after the change in Foreign policy stance. Our own UNHCR confrontation on Kashmir, long hidden might still get political ambitions strewn but on the whole Capital investments will withdraw to a wait and watch mode in India 8 months before due election unevenness could have otherwise been expected to strike India inc’s investment habit. In the meantime, markets offer attractive valuation opportunities with most identified sectoral leaders including YES BANK, IDFC and ITC holding on to new levels. Jet has struck another wet lease deal with Etihad to channelise its quantum of investment adding the Brussels routes to the Heathrow parking spots already in the sale and lease back with Etihad.

 

 

Stanchart’s prognostications for the Rupee may have hit a rough patch in their own term forecasts but JP Morgan and Deutsche Bank sell side units continue to invest in timing the Indian recovery with other foreign brokerages from UBS and CIMB to CS itself still holding local expertise in sectoral mid caps and even banks. Helion and Samir Arora ofcourse stand a little more guarded in light of their closeness to these political forecasts on the nation but they and other India bulls remain exclusive specialists, a breed strange enough for its loyalty as is India’s own secular growth rate still nose upward from 5% last year.

 

 

 

India Morning Report: State Banks, Bread and Coca Cola

First the note on infracos that have unsettled the markets
What markets had initially identified as a resilient strain of Corporate misgovernance in infracos from GMR and Reliance Infra had apparently never been a cured mutation despite consistent action and PR by the companies. Even today when the infra gap is being addressed, because of group leverage showing on the holding companies, GMR, Reliance Infra remain active short candidates especially for those bullish on Kushal Singh’s DLF despite its bad results. Hoever, the short interest looking actively to rerate the markets has probably been snuffed in the bud and will likely lose out in this cycle as the day progresses today.

 

English: Tata Prima Truck by Tata Motors
English: Tata Prima Truck by Tata Motors (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

Brokerages re-rate SBI and Tata Motors

 

Expected disappointments from Tata Motors and on expected resilience from the State Bank panning out a lot of uptick has come in for both stocks, At 249, Tata Motors is indeed a good defensive buy and its JLR performance can only improve as it seems to have managed to keep sales volume increasing esp in China where they grew by 50%. JP Morgan and UBS have also upgraded SBI as the bank’s chairman explained on the networks that domestic NIMs are a healthy 3.75% and the international book stable with NIMs of 1.7% , in itself a very good performance given that the State Bank’s International portfolio jurisdictions are not in politically challenged geographies like BOB has.

 

The Sun Pharma and DRL conundrum

 

At this bottom of the Nifty cycle , the other cvonundrum also gets highlighted as growth successes like Sun joust with almost regular failures like DRL and Ranbaxy that have lost the confidence of investors but keep the sector rated as a defensive. Emerging Midcap Stocks including Glenmark, Cadila and even Biocon are thus seen as having capped prospectsmuch like the consumer goods stories like Dabur, Marico and Unilever but most analysts have distinctly berated the laggards and moved the active investments to an aggressive growth cycle so passive investors and DIIs have to follow in due course.

 

And the ascent begins..

 

However, these are but regulation battles at the end of results season in India Inc’s diverse investor and corporate objectives’ joust for relevance and India’s uniqueness as a 5% + growth destination has not been lost to the cycle , the entire move down and the restlessness in the markets likely to be attributed to pre budget jitters in statstically consist4ent studies over the next decade as this inflection point is real and investors relevant to India stories carefully watching even if from the sidelines, checking if the stories fed to them by domestic media and other interfaces about India’s struggles are as unlikely as growth sponsors of the country make it out to be and perhaps convinced by as tately transition in 2014 under a new government that hopefully will be more of the old.

 

Private Banks like ICICI are likely to enjoy today’s mini rally from 5870 levels in rare moment s of perfect correlation with the State Bank and exploratory shorts run out if the OMCs are indeed able to puh thru a round of Oil price hikes on the weekend. Europe has of course scared global prospects for 2013 and that impact has probably run its course by the end of next week fully.  q. GS

 

 

 

India Morning Report: A new high for the Nifty looks likely in the run up to the Budget 2014

Rahul-gandhi
Rahul-gandhi (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Though the Planning commission decides most of the Capital investment allocations beforehand including government’s share of state spending and Big Ticket Infrastructure spending, the Bidget document next month is still likely to give enough impetus to the incumbent government to approach the General elections in 2014 positively ‘under new management’. Apart from Rahul Gandhi’s ascension to the throne which needs to be sponsored or vetted by India Inc sooner than later, India is now mostly looking at global cues after, as the MOS man, Raamdeo Agrawal said on TV18 right now, problems in both the energy and IT services sectors have been resolved for the time being.

We are headed for true deregulation in energy prices and that’s a relief for ratings hawks as well as those items of profligate public spending when it was indeed all getting burned up in oil spend (subsidy)

A few items of trivia glue that has confetti sticking to India Inc’s big weekend party and the world at large before we begin the Monday Morning Dharma. China’s labor force has decreased by a large 3.45 mln this month from more than 940 mln last year. GDP growth in China was yet 7.9% after a 7.4% November taking the 2012 number to 7.8% overall and likely saving it from recession adding just under 3 mln in new jobs, and urban populations almost stopped growing with expected rural migration to 712 mln (urban population)

Also our working population of women may be interested, women seem to more heart attacks on Saturday and Monday and as this data pertains to North America, it can pertain to only Working women and not homemakers. Heart attacks are 27%  more likely to occur around your birthday, and though this article pertains to our female friends, in our country at least more men than women die of heart attacks)

Swiss banks are indeed closing down, the first one in the world at Wegelin the first victim having started in 1741 but Davos is still happening with the world’s wealthiest and the large Bank CEOs and Presidents making it there to party into the night. JP Morgan CEO Dimon though paid out $11.5 mln half his 2012 package for indiscretions as head of CIO investments. Global banks have paid nearly $5 B in fines between HSBC and UBS for regulatory oversight and half , especially those with European lineage are shutting down their business in Investment Banking

More importantly the Aussie is roaring back even as US markets remain closed today and the BOJ likely to hit the precipice button when they meet on QE spending for Japan later in the day, the Yen already circling 90 and in recent history reaching almost 25 years since it has eyed the 100 mark to the US Dollar, let alone the AUD

Taxes on the super rich, seem unlikely unless the next General elections cause another rupture in stability that the media is almost imperceptibly wishing for, to solve their quads of issue boredom. Another month and we will be just tlaking budget wishes in duty cuts and tax writeoffs in the run up to the budget , all serving to mask any new legs of India’s Economic policy that may be unleashed in Budget 2014. Stock up on big banks and Infracos apart from the leads on NBFCs unless you had indeed been waiting for Infosys and OIL to come back, whence you must book profits this week and watch. The OIL divestment will indeed release nearly 30 bln for the GOI fisc blues. Another interesting issue taking shape is how the regulators and FinMin will stop the bleed as MNCs dry up profits with larger royalties back home leaving their now not to be delisted Indian arms with nothing to entice domestic shareholders and a government backlash is inevitable despite the GOI having allowed then unlimited royalty just in December 2009

 

 

 

Foreign Banks in India: European Banks deleveraging in Asia Part II

English: Skyline of Mumbai from across Back Bay.
Image via Wikipedia

According to the news flow, borrowing costs across Asia have risen upto 50%, that’ is a sizable loss on balance sheets too

where Asian swaps would have been incomplete rings and with this situation of freeze in financing however expected, those betting on Asia’s growth despite the picture of the slowdown ( not when you considered Asia in subdued growth but when you – and many did – bet on contrarian growth or that the globe did not matter )

There is no denying however that Asia will still grow at 4% and Central Asia & Africa as a region would grow albeit at its speculative trade/underdeveloped paradigm rate which was Europe’s version of an Emerging market European banks have to exit faster though if they want to be not caught in the flurry of exits. TThey will not get a penny’s worth in 3 months if deleveraging continues. Expecting banking assets to be illiquid is a readjustment that will cause such reactions in the market esp with Asian banks already suffering at the hands of repo financed Europe for a decade in Swaps and derivative contracts.

I remember AIG spent two years trying to get anyone interested in its business last time  despite profits in Asia. Credit Suisse needing to deleverage its market book is not a good sign for its advisory business. nor UBS focus on private banking / wealth as its future. Credit Agricole is shutting shop in 21 countries after losing EUR 637 mln in the latest quarter and quitting 1000 jobs in Investment Banking businesses after 850 jobs in France and 650 jobs in Consumer Finance and Factoring

In India, the costs have risen on par despite the strong ECB performance till October by the sheer drop in the rupee not the whole 20% but the one from 50 – 55 ( 54.50 today) a further 10% even as only 3-4 FCCB borrowers are out of the race. Opacity in news flows continues to trouble those with exits firmly completed though, and that is the raison d-etre of having a TV channel to shout from as the index takes the wrong ones to 45 despite R Power, Welspun , Orchid and a couple of others having exited the Dollar debt that was to be a pain and / or matched with their Export inflows

Bharti has a $12 bln of External debt in Dollars on its balance sheet which it has not swapped or hedged. Suzuki gets an import bill of almost $1.6 bln dollars. Indian Oil companies’ entire Oil imports are a huge loss to the exchequer as they have the purchases of $5-10bln every other month again unhedged and miscommunication and bank managements will have to share the blame for these treasuries’ inefficiencies
It is not clear if the INR 80 bln announced by REC as external debt is converted at current rates another $200 mln is to be issued this year maximum from dollar markets apart from a current $250 mln issue. REC Ltd has otherwise worked with very low rates and is repaying $200 mln worth Its book is Rs 1 Tln (930 bln) and new $1 billion at 8.25% may be at least a percent higher

Foreign Banks in India: European Banks deleveraging in Asia

A key feature of transacting and building relationships with global banking brands in India is to note their reflexivity to pressures in Europe that gets limited to Sout East Asia and China and never impacts us in India. Most likely the current european banks deleveraging is also expected to go along the same lines.

While Middle East and Central Asia have long been given away to their culturally more akin regions in Africa for all Deals and management control globally in the Banking and Finance markets, even in Asia ex Middle East and Japan the two distinct splits of China and SE Asia  North Asia incl Taiwan, Hongkong and Korea and India and south Asia continue to move on distinctly independent lines. The banking business of HSBC and Stanchart for example , who are not deleveraging that frantically, business is in fact booming in China and remains dull in India in corporate and investment banking business. Those that are deleveraging however would be critically taking a call on Asia assets that total $560 bln of the $3 tln in lending assets of European

looking west towards UBS.
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banks. With Yuan business becoming dull and all not well on the home front those under fire would not be able to plan growth in China and may thus include India assets again in the Exit column

In China, FIEs have been bearing more than 50% of the trade and a significant chunk would work through Foreign banks from the volume of $1.67 tln. Foreign Banks exposure incl Off Balance sheet assets and Transaction Banking products is $1.6 Tln (BarCap)

While 40% of the deleveraging that banks need will be eked out of Risk optimization, changing risk weights of categories like manufacturing and even Geographic exposures and thus reducing RWA, the rest will be real deleveraging by selling down existing credit assets and reducing probability of considering new credit business in Asia. The required $300 bln in deleveraging, ostensibly over 5 years and more could come faster out of intractable portfolios in Asia if and when a choice arises for these European banks  as BNP , Credit Agricole and SocGen or those deleveraging or shutting down exposures in the market book like Credit Suisse Banks have started repatriating funds and cutting back on  loans

In the melee, it is unlikely that the 10% market share of the Foreign banks in India is hurt much though it is

ubs
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unlikely that they would readily incorporate RBI’s concerns about having grown off balance sheet or transaction exposures without committing to real lending in the country.

Banks such as CA and BNP may not like to continue in India with the limitations facing them and their own myopic concerns in committing to asset based growth even as ANZ that re-0entered India in 2006 and NAB and CBA continue with single branch existence in India to base growth in Corporate Investment Banking in the region without planning any roll outs for their retail franchise.

Australia and New Zealand Banking Group
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As Wealth managers like UBS already have offshore business out of Singapore or sometimes Hongkong nad Dubai, they can well reduce their risks in India and go back without a loss to India and their own even as they pass up growth opportunities in a growing consumption economy.

The impasse over the impracticability of transferring extra licences from the RBS sale to HSBC who has made the purchase continues in a stalemate , banks noting they would abide by RBI’s direction

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Happy Thursdays! F&O Expiry vs FDI in retail

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The Last Thursday of the month, promises among them a “sequestered” trading week in the US as the markets close for the holidays today afternoon. The promise  of lower short positions on the Nifty also seems a little possible as only 51% of the contracts have been rolled over, and the markets may find enough reason for extended short covering in today’s move down and post Cabinet meeting in the upward shake off

That is at best a hope. 51% FDI in multi brand retail, a reality. From 5000 SKUs in Mom & Pop stores to growing more 60,000 SKU modern retail franchises, India would have certainly come a long way when we check again a year later. Walmart and Bharti Easy day retail have been around for 3 years now, Carrefour and others waiting to start their emerging markets experiment and the Sun has been rising in the east for most paranoid investors as valuations calm down to underbought and oversold in India. A thumbs up for all those who are active on the short side too. The breakdown means that the bottom is much lower, so do not start large cap  trades right now. Appollo Hospitals though struck me as an enigma that could last. So could IGL and Concor and in two weeks he aviation guys could come back.

In consumption stories, HUL has reached its optimum at below 400 levels (and UBS  got that)  while Jubilant has raised Pizza prices by 8.5%. A 100 pizzas a day still means a lo of profit for each branch so the Dominos’ decor would survive competition from other brotherly brands they add.

Inflation is riding high, India a systemic story and will not be coming down despite the trending down  in non food inflation over the last 2-3 weekly readings. Manufacturing flash PMI plunged in China to 46 levels with double digit drops in input and output prices and new orders for the monthly figures but China is in the home plate, the last lap of the tough times to surpass before June and global indices will continue to plunge before the US markets reopen next week, A big bang on Monday is likely as Black Friday flash figures gladden the hearts of US watchers

There will be only one pullback in the rupee, either now or two weeks later if and when Jet signs up more FDI

Food Inflation fell from 11.63% in the last week to 10.01% for the week ended November 10, 2011, though onion prices have come in 33% lower, vegetables and pulses are still higher by 17% and 12%. As the guv’nor mentioned yesterday, this is probably as India moves on to higher consumption needs on the food chain in more proteins(Bennett’s Law), that supply is not ready for. Primary Articles ticked lower to 9.08% as non food inflation hit a low 4.05%. Fuel inflation continues a t the new level of 15.49%

The Retail Lifestyle Champions: ITC grows prices, Foods and education in H1

Line results are in: EBITDA margins up .4% tp 34.5% as Net income grows to INR 5974 up 1.8% Q-o-Q PAT up 21% yoy INR 1514 Crs for a good margin of  25.34% Acc to UBS ITC lowered staff costs and inc EBITDA despite missing sales in paperboard and agri. Price Hikes in Tobacco would count for margin expansion the most to 300 bp from the June qtr

Rumman Ahmed at India WSJ writes:

Pre-tax losses at the non-tobacco consumer goods segment narrowed to 559 million rupees from 669 million rupees, while net revenue increased 27% to 13.41 billion rupees.

Net revenue from the hotels business rose a muted 1.0% to 2.11 billion rupees, primarily as the second quarter is a lean period for the hospitality business.

The paperboard, packaging and printing business’ top line rose 9.4% to 10.05 billion rupees, while revenue from the agricultural trading business rose 13% to 14.35 billion rupees.

ITC – Outperforming expectations
Though much more analysis is required before the company settles down in the second YV Deveshwar term and gets back into the new M&A game, The retail lifestyle star with good new brand launch traction since 2009, posted good growth nos.
Tobacco business has posted steep price increase at retail POP this  quarter  at 10% with more hikes coming after inflation lasted more than a year and input costs are out of whack. Profits of INR 1729 crs or $ 346 ml sustained the new non tobacco businesses

Still the price increases that ITC has taken will boost EBIT [earnings before interest, taxes] margins by 80 basis points, they say. Its cigarette volumes are expected to grow 7% in July-September,

Bank of America Merrill Lynch sees ITC’s margins surge 115 bps in the quarter.

Kotak Securities expects ITC’s cigarette division sales will rise 13% from a year ago, helped by a mix of price hikes and volume growth.

While the cigarette business remains robust, its non-cigarette FMCG business is also expected to remain on the growth track. Sharekhan expects the FMCG business losses will reduce 12% year-on-year. The Motilal Oswal analysts expect EBIT losses in FMCG will decline 16%, while sales increase 19%.

“Improved profitability in foods [Bingo breakeven in the first quarter FY12], education and lifestyle retail will drive the decline in EBIT losses,” say Aggarwal and Kapoor.

September Bank Policy review : Rate hike again!

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Update: CRR has been cut 25 bps and there may be more CRR cuts. The channel being fixed the repo rate of 8.25% means a MSF rate of 9.25% and a Reverse Repo rate of 7.25% still be paid out by RBI . A SLR cut of some kind and a SLR deposit rate increase may also be happening while CRR is 6%

RBI says:

– Global Eco environment has worsened

– Pace of Exports unlikely to be supported as weak demand

– Inflation much above comfort zone

– Policy transmission is still weak but inflation is being transmitted to retail POP

yields are now trading higher at 8.37%, hawkish stance takes markets down on news. More details after rBI conference is held

Here’s the case for a rate hike in a nutshell:

a. Rates up 475 bp since march 2010. this means the Governor has to start SLR cuts now, which RBI has indicated as possible this time. It does not mean rate cuts or that thee rate hike cycle has topped off because

b. non food inflation at 13% is not in control and the new inflation target of 7% may already be too old as rindia’s crude basket for one remains one of the most expensive in the world at $110 and even in September $106( indiainfoline.com, UBS for the crude basket data)

c. food inflation control has meant plateauing and not fall in inflation

We are here and would be posting the bank rate update

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